ISSN: 2249 - 0213

     A Quarterly Open Access Journal

Theoretical approaches in Information Science research on asynchronous computer mediated communication

Computer mediated communication, as the hub for information dissemination, has evolved from
information dissemination to a global network of information exchange and meaning
construction. This is the largest public sphere being examined across different disciplines using
different theories of which information science is not an exception. As the way social network is
progressively tying people and communities, it is likely that more and more social perspective
and humanistic theories will be used to cater to the need to developing an understanding of the
way information is created, shared and meaning is constructed online. Information science,
which studies artifacts—linguistic and semiotic—in unraveling aspects of information
dissemination, views computer-mediated communication as a platform for information
dissemination involving information seeking, exchange, construction, and use. Email, online
collaborative learning, and blogs (representing, respectively, pre-Internet, Internet-focused, and
social-software-supported CMC) are three modes frequently studied in assessing asynchronous
CMC. Scholars have used a range of theories in this work. Of the theories used, media richness,
constructivism, hermeneutics, activity theory, and the elaboration likelihood model are
especially useful for researching asynchronous CMC.

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