The paper provides an overview of Institutional Repositories (IRs) initiatives taken in several European countries along with key declarations, statements and projects for its development in Europe. The purpose of this article is to take a broad look at the current state of deployment of IRs in several Europe countries and to explore how national policies and strategies are shaping this deployment. The second objective is to design a set of parameters for the evaluation of IRs taking into consideration global recommendations and best practice guidelines. Thirdly, a comparative study of selected IRs has been performed on the basis of framed criteria or parameters. Finally key findings have been identified.